The UNIX Operating System, AT&T Archives at YouTube
The UNIX Time-Sharing System, Dennis M. Ritchie and Ken L.Thompson, Bell System Technical Journal
The Evolution of the Unix Time-sharing System, Dennis M. Ritchie
x86 assembly anguage¶
PC Assembly Language, Paul A. Carter, November 2003.
Intel 80386 Programmer's Reference Manual, 1987 (HTML). Much shorter than the full current Intel Architecture manuals below, but describes all processor features used in 6.828.
Covers both the "classic" 32-bit x86 architecture and the new 64-bit extensions supported by the latest AMD and Intel processors.
Writing inline assembly language with GCC:
Loading x86 executables in the ELF format:
PC hardware programming¶
General PC architecture information:
General BIOS and PC bootstrap:
VGA display - kern/console.c
Keyboard and Mouse - kern/console.c
8253/8254 Programmable Interval Timer (PIT) - inc/timerreg.h
8259/8259A Programmable Interrupt Controller (PIC) - kern/picirq.*
8259A Programmable Interrupt Controller, Intel, December 1988.
16550 UART Serial Port - kern/console.c
PC16550D Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter with FIFOs, National Semiconductor, 1995.
Technical Data on 16550, Byterunner Technologies.
Interfacing the Serial / RS232 Port, CraigPeacock, August 2001.
IEEE 1284 Parallel Port - kern/console.c
IDE hard drive controller - fs/ide.c
[ATA8-ACS]: AT Attachment 8 - ATA/ATAPI Command Set, ANSI, May 2007.
Programming Interface for Bus Master IDE Controller, Brad Hosler, Intel, May 1994.
The Guide to ATA/ATAPI documentation, Constantine Sapuntzakis, January 2002.
Sound cards: (not supported in 6.828 kernel, but you're welcome to do it as a challenge problem!)
Sound Blaster Series Hardware Programming Guide, Creative Technology, 1996.
8237A High Performance Programmable DMA Controller, Intel, September 1993.
Sound Blaster 16 Programming Document, Ethan Brodsky, June 1997.
Sound Programming, Inverse Reality.
E100 Network Interface Card:
E1000 Network Interface Card: